EDG Quartus/Questa Tutorial

This tutorial is for use with the Altera DE-nano boards. There are a number in the eshop. See Mary if you cannot find one.

In this tutorial, we will program the DE-nano board, to be a simple 3 bit counter. The leds labelled led1, led2 and led3 will be the outputs. The values will change each time Button1 is pushed. Button2 works as a reset button.

This is an update of the tutorial here. This screenshots for this tutorial were taken from Quartus Prime/Questa Version 21.1.0.

Here are the pin assignments for this board.

pin assignments
Designing/Compiling the Project

After starting Quartus, do File -> New Project Wizard

start new project wizard

Click Next


Give your project a name and directory. Hint, don't start the name with a number.

Fill in project name

If you put in a directory that hasn't been created, it will prompt you to create that directory.

create directory

Create an empty project.

Empty project

Click Next on the Add Files page


Choose the device on our board. Family: Max II, Device: EPM2210F324C3 and click Next.

choose device

Select Questa Intel FPGA as the simulation tool. This is installed with all versions of Quartus in the shop.

select Questa Intel FPGA as simulation tool

Click Finish on the Summary page.

summary page

File -> New and choose "Block Diagram/Schematic File" from the window that comes up.

new block diagram

Here's the empty block diagram.

empty block diagram

We need to place parts in our block diagram. Click the Symbol Tool (located next to the A in the top bar of the block diagram) to bring up the symbol window. Find the tff, you'll want to place three in your block diagram.

place tffs

Repeat, but this time place two input pins.

place inputs

Now place three output pins

place outputs

Lastly, place a vcc

place vcc

The block diagram should now look something like this.

all symbols

Use the 'Orthogonal Node Tool' to connect the parts so that your block diagram looks the same as the one below.

hooked up symbols

Later, we are going to use Questa to simulate our project. So we need to tell Quartus to generate the files needed by Questa. Go to Assignments -> Settings and select Questa Intel FPGA in the Tool name field. Do not check the "Run gate-level simulation automatically after compilation" box.

use questa

Compile the project (click the blue triangle).


You'll be prompted to save the project if you haven't done that.

save project

If you get errors, read through them to try to figure out the problem. Successful compilation will give this window.


Now we need to assign pins. Start the pin planner.

pin planner

Double-click in the location to either select or type in the pins.

assigning pins

After assigning pins, recompile the project!

Simulating the Project

We will use Questa Intel FPGA to perform a functional simulation.

Start Questa and do File -> Change Directory

change directory

Select the simulation/modelsim directory that is inside your project directory.

choose directory

File -> New -> Library

new library

Make a new library. Work is the default name and is fine.

map library

Compile the counter_3bit.vho file. It will be in the work library when finished.

compile select file

We need to create a testbench to use to simulate the project. This testbench is just a VHDL file. So create a new one, File -> New -> Source -> VHDL

new vhdl

Here is the text for a very simple testbench.

-- testbench for counter_3bit

-- Load Altera libraries for this chip

-- Set up this testbench as an entity
entity test_counter_3bit is
end test_counter_3bit;

-- Create an implementation of the entity
-- (May have several per entity)
architecture testbench1 of test_counter_3bit is

  -- Set up the signals on the 3bit_counter
  signal button1 : std_logic;
  signal button4 : std_logic;
  signal led1    : std_logic;
  signal led2    : std_logic;
  signal led3    : std_logic;

  -- Set up the vcc signal as 1
  signal vcc  : std_logic := '1';

    -- dut = device under test (same name as top project from Quartus)
    dut : entity work.counter_3bit
      -- Map the ports from the dut to this testbench
      port map (
        button1 => button1,
        button4 => button4,
        led1 => led1,
        led2 => led2,
        led3 => led3 );

    -- Set up the signals
    stimulus : process is
        -- Just make a clock on button1 to simulate pushing the button
          button1 <= '0'; wait for 10 ns;
          button1 <= '1'; wait for 10 ns;
        end loop;
      end process stimulus;
end architecture testbench1;

Save that text as counter_3bit.vhd.

save testbench

Now, we must compile this testbench into our work library. Same as before, pick Compile and select this file, here saved as test_counter_3bit.vhd.

compile testbench

Now our work library should have two files in it.

work library

Double-click on the testbench (test_counter_3bit) to start simulating. A number of windows will open. You can close the testbench text editor. The window should look something like this.

simulating window

Open the wave window. View -> Wave

wave window

Then drag all the objects (button1, button4, led1, etc.) in the Objects window to the Wave window so that they will be plotted.

wave window

Do Simulate -> Run -> Run 100 to run for 100ns. You can run this multiple times. Or do Run -All to have it continually run. Press the stop button to stop it.


You'll have to look very closely at your output to see that things are actually working as expected. You also should do much, much more simulating that what is here. This is just to show you how things actually work. At this point, I'm assuming that everything works as expected and we now want to program our chip. Quit Modelsim.

Programming the Chip

Back in Quartus, we will program the chip. Before plugging the DEnano board in, check the settings on the jumpers circled below. One needs to be up and two needs to be down to be able to program the chip.

Open the programmer, Tools -> Programmer.

If the USB-Blaster[USB-0] is not showing in the Hardware Setup, click on that button and select it. If you cannot find it, let Mary know so that the driver can be installed in Windows. Check the boxes under Program/Configure and then click the Start button.

When the progress bar reaches 100, the chip has been programmed.

While programming, all lights except the blue power and load buttons should go off. It will take a minute or two for the program to upload. When it's finished, try clicking button1 and button2 and see if things work as expected.

Updated: May 2022